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Bariatric surgery has now become a highly specialized department that offers latest technology, operation techniques and management protocols for morbid obesity and weight related ailments.
Bariatric surgery refers to a range of surgical procedures designed to help severely obese people lose weight. With millions people suffering from severe obesity, the number of bariatric procedures has risen exponentially over the last two decades.
Bariatric surgical procedures are an option for treating severe obesity, by reducing intake or absorption of calories. There are various procedures, all of which have potential complications. Bariatric surgery should always be performed in a specialist centre, and long-term follow-up of patients is necessary.
These procedures can be categorized according to their modes of action. Some limit food intake, generally by decreasing the size of the stomach so that patients feel sated sooner than they did before surgery. Others restrict the body’s ability to absorb some components of food, including calories. A third category incorporates aspects of both methods.
Obesity is a condition in which one has too much body fat (adipose tissue). Obesity is determined by calculating the Body Mass Index (BMI), which measures weight for height and is stated in numbers.
Severe obesity damages the body by its mechanical, metabolic and physiological adverse effects on normal body functioning. These "co-morbidities" affect nearly every organ in the body in some way, and produce serious secondary illnesses, which may also be life threatening. The cumulative effect of these co-morbidities can interfere with a normal and productive life and can shorten life as well. The risk of developing these medical problems is proportional to the degree of obesity.
Surgical options for treating Morbid Obesity
1. Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Binding
2. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
3. The R OUX-EN-Y Gastric Bypass
4. Bilio Pancreatic Diversion With Duodenal Switch